Does it itch down there? Does it sting you so much that you think you are going crazy? Then, it is possible that you have a yeast infection. Do not be ashamed of it; it is not due to sexual transmission or lack of hygiene. Half of the women have had a yeast infection at least once in their life.
Vaginal yeast infection is an infection caused by a yeast-type fungus called Candida. It is usually part of the vaginal flora in small quantities, but sometimes, it’s growth becomes uncontrolled and causes infection.
How do I distinguish a vaginal yeast infection?
The symptoms are clear. Therefore, women who have had it at least once are easily able to detect it. It is characterized by:
- Intense itching and/or stinging
- Inflammation of the vulva and/or vagina
- White, thick and lumpy vaginal discharge. Similar to cottage cheese
- Pain when urinating and/or in sexual relationships
How can I treat yeast infection?
It is treated with antifungal creams or pills. They are usually used topically (applied directly to the vagina) and are available over the counter at the pharmacy. The oral treatments require a prescription and are only sometimes necessary. This would be the case if the infection was recurring, for example.
If you contract a yeast infection and you cannot see a doctor, ask your pharmacist for antifungal creams to apply to your vagina or ovules. You can also ask for advice about how to improve the pain: calming gels, personal hygiene, etc. The symptoms usually disappear in one week, more or less.
Why has it happened to me again?
Some women are more prone to yeast infections and can have it several times. It is also more frequent during pregnancy, in diabetic women, during estrogen treatments or antibiotics and if you have low defense mechanisms.
However, most of the time it occurs because, unconsciously, we have created an environment conducive to the growth of this fungus. Humidity, heat, and anything that damages the normal vaginal flora facilitates yeast infection. Here are some tips to avoid it:
- Throw out all of your synthetic fabric panties and only use the cotton ones, which allow you to breathe better.
- Dry off and change clothes right after the beach or pool, and after exercising.
- Do not obsess over hygiene: avoid vaginal douching, deodorants, and strong perfumes. Instead, use a specific soap for the genital area when you shower. Once a day is enough to maintain proper hygiene. Then dry with a clean towel, without rubbing.
- Have at least one yogurt a day. In some studies, it has been shown that yogurt can help prevent yeast infection in women that are prone to it.
*Content validated by the mediQuo medical team.